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Roman Agora of Athens

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They say Athens is the eye of Greece, the mother of arts and eloquence. A key component that contributed a lot to this fame earned by Athens was the Roman Agora of Athens. The literal meaning of the word Agora is an assembly or gathering place.

As you can guess, these were the major central public places in most ancient Greek cities. Athens was no exception to this, with the Roman Agora being its most famed public place.

In this article, we are going to go down memory lane and learn a bit about the history of the ancient Roman Agora of Athens a must-see attraction for those that want to learn more about the ancient history of Athens and gain a deeper understanding of the city’s modern culture.

History of the Roman Agora

Contrary to the Ancient Agora, a gathering place meant for political debates among Athenians, the Roman Agora was an open marketplace.

It was constructed during the first century BC due to the benevolent contributions of none other than two of the most famous Roman Emperors: Julius Ceasar and Ceasar Augustus.

In its golden era, the Roman Agora featured a large courtyard with a fountain and public latrines surrounded by all kinds of shops.

Later on, when Hadrian took control of Athens, the Roman Agora was paved, and a large library was built, which would become known in later centuries as the Library of Hadrian and which is still one of its major attractions nowadays.

Roman Agora and the Tower of the Winds at dusk

The Roman Agora soon became both a commercial and administrative center due to its location and historical significance.

Yet, the following centuries brought inventions by Venetians and Ottomans who gradually destroyed the agora and turned the site into a common residential area complete with houses, shops, and temples.

The Fethiye Mosque (or Fethiye Cami), still in the Roman Agora today, is one of the last remaining monuments of the site’s turbulent past.

Where is Roman Agora Located

The Roman Agora occupies a very significant location in the heart of Athens, between the imposing monuments of Acropolis Hill and the busy pedestrian streets around Monastiraki Square.

Though convenient for tourists, its location has posed some very peculiar problems to local urban planners.

In fact, the Roman Agora is probably the only archaeological site in the world that has train tracks running through it.

There are two entrances to the Roman Agora. The first lies on the western side, marked by the Gate of Athena Archegetis, a magnificent columned Doric gateway that was dedicated to Julius Caesar.

The Gate of Athena Archegetis was the entrance to the Agora of Athens during Roman times.
Courtesy: ᴅɪᴍɪᴛʀɪs ᴀɴᴅʀ| ᴘʜᴏᴛᴏɢʀᴀᴘʜᴇʀ

The other entrance is found next to the Tower of the Winds on the far end of the agora, next to Aiolou Street, right between Monastiraki and Plaka.

where is located the roman agora in athens
View down to Roman Agora from eastern Propylon. Courtesy: Andy Hay /

Roman Agora Sights

This isn’t an ordinary market. The Roman Agora of Athens is riddled with historically significant structures reflecting Athenians’ artistic intellect.

We mentioned the Gate of Athena Archegetis earlier, but there are some more fascinating sights in Roman Agora that you can’t afford to miss.

The Tower of the Winds, an elegant polygonal marble building, is probably the most famous building found in the Roman Agora.

The Horologion of Andronikos Kyrristos (Tower of the Winds) in the Roman Agora of Athens.
Courtesy: Ava Babili /

However, this isn’t just some ordinary marble tower. It is an eight-sided structure that serves as a water clock, a sundial, and a weather vane.

This magnificent structure was built by Andronicus of Cyrrhus, a Macedonian astronomer.

Each of its eight sides faces a point on the compass and features a frieze depicting each of the eight ancient Greek wind gods, giving the tower its name

Apart from being a major tourist attraction in Athens, the Tower of the Winds is also a popular subject for painters who come from all over the world to admire and draw its shape on canvas.

Over the centuries, the Ottomans have used the famous tower as a hangout spot, a place for the Sufis to dance, and a chapel.

Then, there is the Fethiye Mosque, which sits on the northern side of Roman Agora. This Turkish mosque has witnessed some of the key historical events and has been a part of a few itself. 

Fethiye Djami in the Roman Agora

How to Get to The Roman Agora?

You can reach the Roman Agora in Athens in four ways.

These include:

  • subway
  • bus
  • taxi
  • foot

The simplest and cheapest way to get there is by metro. Just get off at the Monastiraki station (green and blue line) and you’ll be just a few minutes away from the entrance.

Alternatively, you can easily get to the Roman Agora on foot from anywhere in the city center. Note that there are also buses that can take you to Monastiraki Square, but we highly recommend taking the metro since the traffic on the streets around Monastiraki tends to be heavy, especially during summertime.

If you like to know more, read our detailed guide about how to get around Athens.

The entrance of the Roman Agora

Roman Agora Ticket Prices and Opening Hours

In winter, the opening hours are 8:30 am to 3:00 pm. However, the Roman Agora is open for visitors from 8:00 am to 7:30 pm in summer.

The fee for entering the Roman Agora varies depending on the time of the year. During the summer months, from April to October, it costs 8€ to enter. From November to March, the entrance fee is lower in the winter months at 4€. If you are eligible for reduced admission, the cost would also be 4€.

With just one ticket, you can visit not only the Roman Agora but six more major archeological sites as well, like the archaeological site of Kerameikos, the Theatre of Dionysus, the Temple of Olympian Zeus, and many more.

There is a free entrance for minors with a certified ID at the time of the visit.

The mystique nature associated with the ancient Roman agora can get you hooked at first sight. Find a budget-friendly place to stay through, and then visit this shrine of Greek secrets with a mindset to learn more about ancient Athens.

The Roman Agora of Athens is an attraction you definitely can’t miss if you want to dig deeper into the city’s past.

Its location makes it ideal for a few hours of sightseeing before continuing your walk through the city center of Athens and discovering all its other treasures.

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